Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale


The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) was developed by Morris Rosenberg in 1965. It is a 10-item self-report measure of global self-esteem. Self-esteem is a positive or negative attitude towards the self. High self­-esteem means that the individual respects himself, considers himself worthy; he does not necessarily consider himself better than others, but he definitely does not consider himself worse; he does not feel that he is the ultimate in perfection but, on the contrary, recognizes his limitations and expects to grow and improve. Low self-­esteem, on the other hand, implies self rejection, self dissatisfaction, self contempt. The individual lacks respect for the self he observes. The self picture is disagreeable, and he wishes it were otherwise.




Self administered

Assessment type

Positive psychology

Assessment modes



13 years and above

Estimated time

Less than 5 minutes


Rosenberg, Morris. 1989. Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Revised edition. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.