Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

Definition

The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a 10-item self-report scale to screen for Postnatal Depression. The EPDS has been developed to assist primary care health professionals to detect mothers suffering from postnatal depression; a distressing disorder more prolonged than the 'blues' (which occur in the first week after delivery) but less severe than puerperal psychosis. The EPDS was developed at health centres in Livingston and Edinburgh. It consists of ten short statements. The mother selects which of the four possible responses is closest to how she has been feeling during the past week. Most mothers complete the scale without difficulty in less than 5 minutes.

Domains

Depression

Administrations

Self administered

Assessment type

Clinical

Assessment modes

Questionnaire

Eligibility

18 years and above

Estimated time

Less than 5 minutes

Attribution

Cox, J., Holden, J., & Sagovsky, R. (1987). Detection of Postnatal Depression: Development of the 10-item Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150(6), 782-786.