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Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale

Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale

What is ASRM

The Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM) is a brief self-rating mania scale, compatible with DSM-IV criteria, that can be used to measure the presence and severity of manic symptoms for research or clinical purposes.

ASRM Printable PDF

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ASRM Scoring and Interpretation

On this questionnaire are five groups of five statements.

Patients are instructed to endorse only one of the five statements from each group, rated in increasing severity from 0 (not present) to 4 (present in severe degree), that best described their mood or behavior during the past week.

Score is computed as sum of the ASRM items.

ASRM Scores and Interpretation

Table 4
ASRM ScoreInterpretation

≤ 5

Indicative of nonmanics

> 5

Indicative of manics

PsyPack can automatically score the ASRM assessment and prepare corresponding tables and graphs.

ASRM sample result

Further, PsyPack automatically plots a graph to help you easily track progress over time.

ASRM track progress

Sample Report of ASRM


Mania, Bipolar Disorder

What does ASRM measure

The purpose of the evaluation is to:

  • measure the presence and severity of manic symptoms.



Type of outcome tool


Assessment modes


Age and eligibility


Estimated time

About 5 minutes


Since the questionnaire relies on client self-report, all responses should be verified by the clinician, and a definitive diagnosis is made on clinical grounds taking into account how well the client understood the questionnaire, as well as other relevant information from the client.

The Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM) is a reliable and valid patient self-rating mania scale. It has good test-retest reliability on a sample of depressed and manic patients; it can assess the severity of manic symptoms in patients with mania; and it is sensitive to change or improvement following treatment.

Results show the ASRM to be a useful self-rating scale for assessing the presence and severity of symptoms for most mild and many moderately disturbed manic patients. In clinical settings where time is short or staff limited, the ASRM may be useful as a screening instrument to facilitate diagnosis or to help identify individuals needing treatment or medication adjustment. For research purposes, the ASRM may be used as a measure of severity to aid in the evaluation of treatment response. In managed care settings, the ASRM may be useful as a psychoeducational tool to help patients recognize and monitor their own symptoms, and/or to serve as a subjective measure of patient improvement. Despite having good sensitivity and specificity, the ASRM should not be used solely to diagnose bipolar disorder. Also, the ASRM would not be suitable for assessing mixed states, unless another self-rating depression scale is added.

It is reasonable to conclude that most patients with severe symptomatology, whether manic or nonmanic, are unable to participate reliably in measures of self-assessment. Most self-rating scales, including the ASRM, would not be useful for such patients and would most probably not yield reliable and valid results. The ASRM would also not be appropriate for illiterate patients, in which case a self-rating analogue scale might be more useful.

Attribution and References

Altman EG, Hedeker D, Peterson JL, Davis JM. The Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale. Biol Psychiatry. 1997 Nov 15;42(10):948-55. doi: 10.1016/S0006-3223(96)00548-3. PMID: 9359982.