Short Dark Tetrad

Short Dark Tetrad

Definition

The Short Dark Tetrad (SD4) is a 28-item instrument which captures subclinical versions of narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism. Based on the emerging consensus that the constellation of dark personalities should include the sadistic personality, the SD4 was built by modifying and extending the Short Dark Triad (SD3) measure to include sadism.

Domains

Personality

Administrations

Self administered

Assessment type

Clinical

Assessment modes

Questionnaire

Eligibility

18 years and above

Estimated time

Less than 5 minutes

Attribution

Paulhus, D. L., Buckels, E. E., Trapnell, P.D., & Jones, D. N. (2020, online, open access). Screening for dark personalities: The Short Dark Tetrad (SD4). European Journal of Psychological Assessment.